Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability. Prevention is better than cure. Preventing the risk factor of stroke is the goal for us. Cerebrovascular disease or stroke prohibition is more likely to reduce death and disability than any medical or surgical advance in management.
RISK FACTORS ARE-
1. HYPERTENSION INCREASES THE Risk Factor Of Stroke:
Hypertension is a significant factor in the development of thrombotic cerebral infarction and intracranial haemorrhage. There is no critical blood pressure level. The risk is related to the height of blood pressure and increases throughout the whole range from regular to hypertensive. A 6mm Hg fall in diastolic blood pressure is equal to a 40% fall in the fatal and non-fatal stroke rate in a hypertensive patient. Systolic hypertension elderly is also a serious issue for CVD.
Stroke is not hereditary. If a close family member has had a stroke, some of the risk factors may be hereditary. Such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol. In people under 75 years of age chance of men have more strokes than women.
3. HOW ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES INCREASES THE “Risk Factor Of Stroke”:
Combine oral contraception contains a high estrogen dose, which increases the risk of thrombosis, and thrombosis may lead to stroke. OCP increases the risk of Ischemic stroke. OCP does not appear to increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. Modern combined oral contraceptive pills have a lower dose of estrogen. Less stroke chance than older contraceptive formulations.
4. BLOOD CHOLESTEROL (MAINLY LDL)
Having too much bad cholesterol in the blood can cause fatty deposits to build up in arteries narrowed and stiffed, making it harder for blood to flow. Also increases the chance of a blood clot developing. The blood clot may cause a stroke, poor diet, obesity, lack of exercise, smoking; this factor helps to increase bad cholesterol.
5. DIABETES CAN CAUSE TO Stroke:
The risk of cerebral infarction is increased twofold in diabetes. Age and previous stroke is the main predictor of stroke in diabetes. Diabetes is a well-established risk factor for stroke. Diabetes can cause pathologic changes in blood vessels at various locations and lead to stroke if cerebral vessels are directly affected. Post-stroke outcomes are more deficient in patients with stroke with uncontrolled glucose levels. Controlling diabetes and other associated risk factors are effective ways to prevent initial strokes and stroke recurrence.
Carbon monoxide (smoking) reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood, and nicotine increases the heart rate, raising blood pressure. And blood pressure may lead to stroke.
7. MENTAL STRESS:
Stress is a big problem in the medical field as it contributes to 75% of bodily diseases. Stress may produce some body reaction. This is called General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS). The hormonal responses occurring in the body (ACTH axis) play a defensive role against stressors. Stress leads to major problems. Some of them are Tachycardia (Increased heart rate with irregularity of the heart rhythm), Hypertension (High blood pressure), and Coronary disease (Heart attack).
CONCLUSION Of Risk Factor Of Stroke:
We control our modifiable risk factor of stroke like-
- Hypertension by medication yoga, use an alternative of oral contraceptive.
- Decrease LDL (bad)cholesterol and increase HDL(good)cholesterol by diet/ exercise.
- Control diabetes by daily exercise /diet/medication.
- Stop smoking.
- Reduce mental stress by a different method of meditation.